- Spontaneous pain or throbbing while biting.
- Sensitivity to hot and cold foods.
- Severe decay or an injury that creates an abscess (infection) in the bone.
After the tooth is anesthetized, an opening is made through the crown into the pulp chamber.
The length of the root canals is determined
Unhealthy pulp is removed. Canals are cleaned, enlarged and shaped.
Canals are filled and sealed. A metal post may be added for structural support or to retain restorative materials.
The tooth is sealed with a temporary filling. Usually a gold or porcelain crown adds further protection.